from sunrise to sunrise (Ionic alphabet mirroring a day)
Milet on the Ionian coast of Anatolia was the home of important mathematicians,
astronomers, and natural philosophers. Imagine that one of them developed the
Ionic alphabet some 2,700 years ago, 24 letters that also had numerical vaules,
from Alpha = 1 via via Thaeta = 8 and Pi = 16 to Omega = 24, and that he tried
to synchronize the 24 letters with the 24 hours of a special day, summer
solstice, June 21 in our calendar, 24 hours from June 21 at 4 o'clock
to June 22 at 4 o'clock
June 21, early morning, 4 o'clock, beginning of hour 1, hour Alpha (a)
June 21, midday, 12 o'clock, end of hour 8, hour Thaeta (th)
June 21, evening, 20 o'clock, end of hour 16, hour Pi (p)
June 22, early morning, 4 o'clock, end of hour 24, hour Omega (long o)
June 21, early morning, 4 o'clock, beginning of hour 1 or hour Alpha.
Just before dawn, bright Aldebaran hovers above the eastern horizon,
main star in Taurus 'Bull', from TOR for bull in motion. Aleph then Alpha
represented the head of an ox (that can still be seen when you turn our A
upside down). This might originally have been a reference to Aldebaran,
and to Baal as golden sun calf rising from the tree of life in the morning.
The Minoan Baal was later identified with Zeus. Aldebaran and the Pleiads
were the Golden Gate of Babylonian astronomy, passed by sun and moon and
June 21, midday, 12 o'clock, end of hour 8 or hour Thaeta. Now the sun reaches
the highest point in the sky, not only the one of the day but also of the year.
In some cases the Thaeta was given as a tiny circle with a central dot, which
also was the hieroglyph of the supreme Egyptian god Ra who manifested himself
in the solar disc. In most other cases, the early Thaeta was a tiny circle
with an inscribed cross, together known as ringcross, according to my studies
the emblem of the supreme sky and weather god. TYR means to overcome in the
double sense of rule and give, emphatic Middle Helladic Sseyr (Phaistos Disc,
Derk Ohlenroth) Doric Sseus (Wilhlem Larfeld) Homeric Zeus. PAS means
everywhere (in a plain), here, south and north of me, east and west of me,
in all five places, wherefrom Greek pas pan 'all, every' and pente penta-
'five'. TYR PAS named the supreme sky and weather god who overcame everybody
everywhere in weather and time that rule our lives but are also given to us
so that we make the best of them. TYR PAS would have been visualized by
the ringcross of the Bronze Age. A strongly polished version became French
temps 'weather, time', TYR PAS English time and PAS TYR English weather.
Greek theos 'god' begins with a Thaeta and derived from DhAG meaning able,
good in the sense of able. Zeus was a most able one, supreme god in the
June 21, evening, 20 o'clock, end of hour 16 or hour Pi. The sun disappeared
below the western horizon. One version of the early Pi that survived in the
classical Greek alphabet can be seen as a high narrow gate, so the setting
sun passed an imaginary gate in disappearing. Pi from periphaeres 'circular,
round' wherefrom English periphery named the circumference and then also
the number of the circle, here the circle of the 24 hours that were mirrored
in the Ionic alphabet of 24 letters.
June 22, early morning, end of hour 24 or hour Omega. In the archaic alphabet
from Thera, 7th century BC, the long o was given as a circle with a central
dot, hieroglyph of Ra in Egypt, whereupon the Omega, apparently invented
in Milet, evokes the solar disc rising from the horizon, and the lower case
the solar disc on the horns of Hathor, Egyptian goddess in her emanation
of the heavenly cow (especially on an Egyptian standard). The wife of Zeus
had been cow-eyed Hera, descendant of the Divine Hind from Altamira who
called life into existence, also moon bulls, thus creating time, lunations
or synodic months, periods of 30 29 30 29 30 29 30 29 30 29 30 ... days.
As Divine Hind Woman she appeared in Orion below Aldebaran where the moon
bulls waited to go on their heavenly mission, while the sun passes the
Golden Gate framed by Aldebaran and the Pleiads.
From Alpha to Omega, from dawn to dawn, from sunrise to sunrise, while
the letters of the Ionic alphabet allowed to tell what happens in a day,
and from day to day ...
Peter, thank you for the correction. 3 of the 27 signs of the classical
Greek alphabet are just numerals, as you told me.