|> What is the Native American word for "pipe"? I know there are many
|> different languages, but I can't find any info on any tribe or culture.
|> The closest thing I've found is "calumet", but that was a French
|> application. Also, why are there no Native American Language books out
|> there?? Thanks for your help.
In Omaha-Ponca, the word is ni~'ni~ba; in Dakotan c^hanu~'pa. These
are both Siouan languages, but there isn't any simple reconstruction
of pipe for Proto-Siouan, in part because there seems to have been a
lot of inter-(language) family borrowing of terms for tobacco and
pipe. The -(i)ba part of the OP term and the u~pa part of the
Dakotan term have fairly wide spread resemblants in North America.
My understanding is that tobacco smoking was introduced from South
America, along with domestic (South American) tobaccos at a very
Yes, but many other plant leaves contain phytochemicals released when macerated or burned (nicotine, caffeine, cocaine, opium etc) as anti-insect defenses, fire-technology went hand-in-hand with non-food usage. Smoking was done in Old World before Beringian trek.
There are lots of books on native American languages, including good
(and bad) dictionaries. You just need to get to a good enough
library or bookstore.
Key: V~ (nasal V), V' (accented/high pitch V), c^ (tS, represented
as c-hacek), CH (aspirated C).
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